A Short Background on Spine Surgery
Spine surgery was not a specific specialty of either neurosurgeons or orthopedic surgeons twenty years ago. Specialized fellowship training was not available and surgeons were trained through residency programs in each specialty. Spine surgery was part of an overall surgical training program. At that time, neurosurgeons performed most spinal cord surgery in addition to surgery within the brain. Orthopedic surgeons performed spinal deformity surgery such as scoliosis as well as joint and trauma surgery.